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Using IRAC: identify the important question (Issue), decide what law you need to decide that Issue (Rule), apply the Rule to your facts (Analysis), and reach a Conclusion, either agreeing with the court of not, as you choose.(Please see attachments)
Citation: PGA TOUR, Inc. v. Martin, 532 U.S. 661 (2001)
Plaintiff is Casey Martin, an individual (Martin)
Defendant is PGA TOUR, Inc., a nonprofit corporation (PGA)
Facts: Martin, who is a disabled golfer (atrophied right leg), sued the PGA under the ADA after it refused to allow him to use a golf cart, claiming that “walking is a substantive rule of competition.”
Issue: Does the ADA apply and, if so, does it require the accommodation requested (use of a golf cart)?
Rule: The relevant law states that:
1. The ADA applies to “public accommodations.”
2. The ADA applies to disabled individuals.
3. The ADA requires an accommodation for disability, if any exists.
4. Any accommodation must be reasonable.
1. Golf courses are “public accommodations.” They are generally open to the public (and fall into one of the 12 categories listed in the ADA).
2. Martin was disabled. He had a physical impairment (that substantially limits a major life activity, namely, walking).
3. Several accommodations exist, including the requested accommodation. The PGA could: allow the use of a cart (as requested), give Martin a handicap, shorten the golf course, or skip the 18th hole.
4. The use of a cart is reasonable because the “walking rule” is peripheral and not a fundamental part of golf; and the purpose of the rule (fatigue) will not be compromised, because Martin’s disability already fatigues him.
Conclusion: The ADA applies and requires the PGA to allow Martin to use a golf cart.