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In this project, you will access nationally representative data from the General Social Survey (GSS), a set of cross-sectional, representative samples of the U.S. population from 1972 to 2018. The GSS contains rich data on a wide range of social and political attitudes in the United States. While you may consult with others in the class, this assignment is to be completed individually.
You will do the following using the GSS:
(a) Construct a hypothesis between an independent variable and a key dependent variable. The hypothesis must be grounded in sociological theory and you should refer to at least two sources (i.e. academic articles) in making your claim and include citations.
(b) Elaborate on that original relationship specified in your hypothesis to include a control variable.
You will access the GSS data from this website. There will be a video showing you how to use this website to construct a bivariate table testing your original hypothesis and then partial tables that incorporate a control variable.
Your final submission should include the following:
Write a brief introduction. What makes your research topic compelling and interesting? Conclude this introduction with a clear statement of your hypothesis and control variable. Be sure to include an explanation of why you believe it is important to test for this particular control variable.
Data and Methods
a. Data subsection: Describe the dataset and choice of variables. You can find information on the GSS here (follow link and select “about the GSS”). Describe in 2-3 sentences what the GSS dataset is, and the variables you eventually selected. Here is where you identify your conceptualization process – what specific variables are you selecting to measure the concepts you specify in your hypothesis.
b. Methods subsection: Describe exactly how you operationalized your variables, any recoding you did, any missing values you declared and so forth. If you re-coded variables, explain why you re-coded them.
Analysis & Interpretation
a. Present the bivariate analysis, showing the relationship between the original IV and DV specified in your hypothesis. Do the data support your hypothesis or not? If your hypothesis is rejected, try to think about why that might be so.
b. Present the partial tables that control for a third variable. Describe the patterns that emerge.
c. Your tables should be constructed using Word or Excel. Do not just copy and paste GSS tables into your assignment.
d. As you move along in this section, interpret your tables. Make use of the mantra: what happens to the original relationship within categories of the control (test) variable?
a. Very briefly summarize your results.
b. Write about where you might go from here to expand upon your analysis. What additional variables might you include? How might you enhance your knowledge about your dependent variable through additional research?